The Ocean is a vital source of animal protein for billions of people throughout the world.
More than 50% of the world population lives on the coasts, and it will be 75% in 2025. Shipping accounts for the transport of 90% of the world’s international traded goods. The Ocean holds considerable amounts of precious mineral and energy resources such as oil, gas, salt, precious metals…It accounts for 140 million jobs in fishing and aquaculture and many more in indirect employment in sea related activities (distribution of sea food, shipping, tourism, sea mining, marine military activities, science related activities, leisure activities…). The Ocean has a fundamental political and military strategic importance.
The Ocean regulates the global balance of the Earth’s climate
Importance of coastal zones to humanity
Living resources and biodiversity
Maintaining marine biodiversity and marine living resources is essential to man
Evaluation of the value of Ocean resources and services
Land-based pollution and Pollution at sea